Moths of Southeastern Arizona:

Erebidae: subfamilies Herminiinae through Catocalinae

Catocala violenta (Catocalinae)

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(list preliminary and still in progress)

Last updated: 8 November 2011

Moths of SE Arizona main page

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER: The following treatment as not yet been updated to the current views about the family/subfamily structure of the Noctuidae.

  • Erebidae (Cutworms)
    1. Herminiinae. . MONA 8325- 8399. [ 21 Species listed, 18 figured ]
    2. Rivulinae. MONA 8405 - 8419. [ 6 Species listed, all figured ]
    3. Hypenodinae. MONA 8439. [ 1 Species listed, figured ]
    4. Hypeninae. MONA 8466- 8487. [ 12 Species listed, 9 figured ]
    5. Catocalinae (Underwing moths). MONA 8495 - 8853 [ 108 Species listed, 94 figured ]
    6. Arctiinae (Tiger moths). [ 104 Species listed, 95 figured ]
    7. Lymantriinae (Tussock moths). [ 4 Species listed, 3 figured ]

    Sources:

    References:

    1. Lafontaine, , J. D., and B. C. Schimdt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea of North American north of Mexico. ZooKeys 1-239. pdf
    2. Poole, R. W. 1988 Lepidopterorum catalogous: Part 118: Noctuidae (3 Volumes).
    3. W. Speidel, H. Fanger & C. M. Naumann. 1996. The phylogeny of the Noctuidae, Systematic Entomology 21: 219 -- 251. pdf file
    4. Noctuoidea of Western Canada by J.T. Troubridge and J.D. Lafontaine
    5. More specific references are also listed under each subfamily.

    Subfamily Herminiinae

    1. Idia suffusalis Smith, 1899 [ MONA 8325 ]
        Type location: Santa Rita Mts.
    2. Idia terrebrialis (Geyer) [ MONA 8332 ]
    3. Idia lubricalis (Geyer) [ MONA 8334 ]
    4. Idia occidentalis (Smith) [ MONA 8334a]
        Listed as a subspecies of Idia lubricalis in MONA
    5. Idia intensalis (Smith) [ MONA 8334a]
        Listed as a synonom of of Idia lubricalis occidentalis in MONA
    6. Idia partitalis (Smith) [ MONA 8334b]
        Listed as a subspecies of Idia lubricalis in MONA
        Record in the Smithsonian from the Baboquivari Mts
    7. Idia parvulalis [ MONA 8335 ]
        Type location: Santa Catalina Mts.
    8. Reabotis immaculalis [ MONA 8337 ]
    9. Phalaenophana extermaliis [ MONA 8339 ]
        TL: White Mts., Arizona
    10. Tetanolita mynesalis (Walker, 1859) [ MONA 8366 ]
    11. Tetanolita palligera Smith [ MONA 8367 ]
    12. Tetanolita floridana Smith [ MONA 8368 ]
    13. Tetanolita negalis B. & McD., 1912 [ MONA 8369 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    14. Bleptina caradrinalis Guenee, 1854 [ MONA 8370 ]
    15. Bleptina flaviguttalis [ MONA 8373 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    16. Bleptina minimalis [ MONA 8374 ]
        Type location: Baboquivari Mts.
    17. Hypenula cacuminalis (Walker, 1859) [ MONA 8376 ]
    18. Hypenula caminalis [ MONA 8377 ]
        Type location: Cochise CO.
    19. Renia discoloralis [ MONA 8381 ]
    20. Renia pulveroslais Smith, 1895 [ MONA 8382 ]
    21. Renia hutsoni [ MONA 8383 ]
    22. Renia rigida Smith, 1905 [ MONA 8384 ]
    23. Renia subterminalis B & McD 1912 [ MONA 8388 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    24. Renia mortualis [ MONA 8389 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    25. Rejectaria albisinuata [ MONA 8399 ]
        Type location: Cochise Co.

    Subfamily Rivulinae

      References:
      1. J. D. Lafontaine and T. S. Dickel (2009). The genus Prosoparia in North America, with description of a new species from Florida. Lepidopterea Novae 2: 179--183. pdf file

    1. Oxycilla tripla [ MONA 8405 ]
    2. Oxycilla basipallida B & McD, 1916 [ MONA 8406 ]
        Type Location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    3. Oxycilla ondo Barnes 1907 [ MONA 8409 ]
        Type Location: Huachuca Mts.
    4. Zelicodes linearis [ MONA 8410 ]
    5. Colobochyla interpuncta rufa [ MONA 8411a ]
    6. Prosoparia perfuscaria [ MONA 8419 ]
    7. Prosoparia anormalis (Barnes and Benhamin, 1912)
      • Status revised to full species by Lafontaine and Dickel (2009)
      • P. anormalis is smaller and more clear marked that perfuscaria. --- side-by-side comparison

    Subfamily Hypenodinae

    1. Phobolosia anfracta [ MONA 8439 ]

    Subfamily Hypeninae

    1. Hypena henloa (Smith, 1905) [ MONA 8449 ]
        Type location: Cochise Co.
    2. Hypena humuli [ MONA 8461 ]
    3. Alfalfa Looper moth --- Tathorhynchus exsiccatus [ MONA 8466 ]
    4. Hemeroplanis punitalis [ MONA 8468 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    5. Hemeroplanis historalis [ MONA 8472 ]
    6. Hemeroplanis finitima [ MONA 8473 ]
    7. Hemeroplanis incusalis [ MONA 8474 ]
    8. Hemeroplanis parallela [ MONA 8475 ]
        Type location: Huachuca Mts.
    9. Phytometra apicataB & McD, 1916 [ MONA 8482 ]
        Type location: Redington (Santa Catalina Mts.)
    10. Phytometra obliqualis (Dyar, 1912)[ MONA 8483 ]
        Syn. sp. curvata B& McD, 1916 type location: Paradise (Chirichahua Mts.)
    11. Nychioptera noctuidalis [ MONA 8485 ]
    12. Nychioptera accola [ MONA 8486 ]
    13. Nychioptera opada [ MONA 8487 ]

    Subfamily Catocalinae (Underwing moths and their relatives)

    References:

    1. Richards, A. Glenn Jr., 1939. A revision of the North American species of the Phoberia-Melipotis-Drasteria group of moths. Entomologica Americana 29 (1) 1--98. Figures and keys for all species. Esp. nice for Melipotis.

    2. Franclemont, John G., 1986. New species and new genera of noctuids from Arizona, Texas and Mexico: the genera Matigramma and Acritogramma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Catocalinae). Jour. Kansas Ent. Soc. 59(1): 143-172.

    3. Pogue, Michael G. and A. Carolina Laughlin. 2002. A revision of the genus Bulia (Walker Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Lepid. Soc. 56: 129-151.

    4. LaFontaine, J. D., and T. S. Dickel. 2008. Review of the genus Epidromia in North America. Lepioptera Novae 1: 109--115. pdf file

    Species list

    1. Isogona punctipennis (Grt, 1883) [ MONA 8495 ]
        Syn. sp acuna type location: Baboquivari Mts.
    2. Isogona segura [ MONA 8496 ]
        Type location: Baboquivari Mts.
    3. Met alectra quadrisignata [ MONA 8500 ]
    4. Metalectra bigallis [ MONA 8501 ]
    5. Metalectra miserulata [ MONA 8506 ]
    6. Metalectra edilis [ MONA 8507 ]
    7. Metalectra cinctus [ MONA 8508 ]
    8. Arugisa punctalis (B. & Mc D., 1916) [ MONA 8511]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    9. Pseudor gyia russula [ MONA 8513 ]
    10. Scolecocampa atriluna [ MONA 8515 ]
        Type location: Huachuca Mts.
    11. Pharga pallens (B & McD, 1911) [ MONA 8516 ]
        Type location: Baboquivari Mts.
    12. Gabara obscura [ MONA 8518 ]
    13. Gabara stygialis [ MONA 8520 ]
        Type location: Southern Arizona
    14. Gabara infumata [ MONA 8521 ]
        Type location: Palmerlee (Huachuca Mts.)
    15. Gabara distema [ MONA 8523 ]
    16. Hypsoropha hormos [ MONA 8528 ]
    17. Plusiodonta compressipalpis [ MONA 8534 ]
    18. Plusiodonta amado Barnes 1907 [ MONA 8535 ]
        Type location: Baboquivari Mts.
    19. Gonodonta pyrgo [ MONA 8539 ]
    20. Anomis erosa [ MONA 8545 ]
    21. Anomis sp.
    22. Baniana gobar
    23. Alabama argillacea [ MONA 8554 ]
    24. ! The Herald -- Scoliopteryx libartrix [ MONA 8555 ]
        "A widespread holarctic noctuid that is famous for its overwintering in bat caves without reacting to bat echo-locating calls like most noctuids and the red spots flouresce when a flashlight hits them in the caves. Bat people know the species well" (Don Lafontain)
    25. ! Palm Flower Moth Litoprosopus coachella [ MONA 8558 ]
    26. !! Diphthera festiva [ MONA 8560 ]
    27. Asticta victoria [ MONA 8563 ]
    28. Obrima rinconada [ MONA 8565 ]
    29. Bandelia angulata [ MONA 8566 ]
    30. Eunotia clarki [ MONA 8568 ]
        Recorded from Yuma (Ian Watkinson, per com, who also supplied the species photo)
    31. Eulepidotis rectimargo
    32. Eulepidotis electra
        Rare stray: Single record (pictured)
        electra vs. rectimargo: While forewing patch triangular rectimargo in , crescent-shaped in electra.
    33. Anticarsia gemmatalis [ MONA 8574 ]
    34. Azeta schausi [ MONA 8576 ]
    35. Epidromia lienaris (Hubner, 1823) [ no MONA ]
    36. Panopoda rigida [ MONA 8590 ]
        Type location: Huachuca Mts.
    37. Cissusa spadix [ MONA 8592 ]
    38. Cissusa mucronata [ MONA 8593 ]
    39. Cissusa valens [ MONA 8596 ]
    40. ! Litocala sexignata [ MONA 8597 ]
    41. Panula inconstans
    42. Melipotis perpendicularis [ MONA 8598 ]
        note the narrow reniform spot and the up-right median fascia (Don Lafontaine).
    43. Melipotis fasciolaris [ MONA 8599 ]
        Similar species:
        1. M. indomita. In M. fasciolaris the base of the hindwing is bright white (below it is white also as is the thorax) whereas in indomita and its many forms it is buffy or dirty white, the third segment of the labial palpus is a little longer than 1/2 as long as the second in indomita and in fasciolaris it is shorter, a little less than 1/2 as long as the second; the white reniform spot is even on the outside in fasciolaris but has two triangular projections in indomta (Don Lafontaine).
        Foodplants:
        1. Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa) . Can be a pest, -- Source Richards (1939)
    44. ! Melipotis indomita [ MONA 8600 ]
    45. Melipotis jucunda [ MONA 8607 ]
        Foodplants:
        1. Willow (Salix bonplandia, S. wrighti) -- Source Richards (1939)
        2. Acacia sp. -- Source Richards (1939)
        3. Calliandra eriophylla (Ken Kingsley, pers com.)
    46. (*s) Melipotis agrotoides [ MONA 8608 ]
    47. Melipotis novanda [ MONA 8609 ]
        Similar species:
          novanda has a paler HW base and white streaks extending out of the reniform spot and the square median ( Don Lafontaine). streak
        Foodplants:
        1. Cat Claw Acaica (Acacia sp) -- Source Richards (1939)
    48. Melipotis acontioides [ MONA 8610 ]
        Foodplants: Blue Palo Verde (Parkisonia florida).
        Life history: Michael J Plagens photos
    49. Forsebia perlaeta [ MONA 8613 ]
    50. ! Bulia deducta [ MONA 8614 ]
    51. Bulia similaris Richards, 1936 [ MONA 8615 ]
        Pogue and Laughlin. 2002 (J lep Soc 56: 129-150) list two records of this from the Baboquivari Mts.
    52. Bulia schausi
        Cliff Ferris June 2010 record from Santa Cruz County
    53. Drasteria eubapta Hampson [ MONA 8617 ]
        Has a mottled orange forewing with a black apical spot and strongly checkered fringe, and the hindwing has a black marginal spot cut off by pale yellow, just like in a Bulia species (Don Lafontaine comment, April 2003)
        Drasteria vs. Synedoida Richards revised this group of genera in 1933 and showed that the spines on the legs (Drasteria) did not form a natural group compared to the unspined forms ( Synedoida) and lumped the two genera. Somehow this was missed by the McDunnough check list (1938) and Franclemont and Todd list (in Hodges et al. 1983). The Europeans have treated them as a single genus for many years. Bob Poole "re-lumped" them in his 1989 world catalog of the Noctuidae. (Don Lafontaine comment, 9 Dec 2004).
    54. Drasteria inepta [ MONA 8622 ]
    55. Drasteria sabulosa [ MONA 8623 ]
    56. Drasteria nicollae [ MONA 8624 ]
    57. ! Drasteria walshi
    58. ! Drasteria pallescens [ MONA 8628 ]
        Similar species:
        1. Melipotis perlata. In Synedoida the third segment of the labial palpus is short, about 1/4 as long as the second (middle ) segment. This will help separate S. pallescens from Melipotis perlata (the latter also has two white intrusions in the hindwing, one near the middle unlike pallescens). [ Don Lafontaine ]
    59. ! Drasteria fumosa bruneifasciata [ MONA 8629a ]
    60. ! Drasteria tejonica [ MONA 8640 ]
    61. ! Hypocala andremona [ MONA 8642 ]
    62. !! Black Witch --- Ascalapha odorata [ MONA 8649 ]
    63. Lesmone detrahens [ MONA 8651 ] (check)
    64. Lesmone griseipennis. [ MONA 8654 ]
    65. Selenisa sueroides [ MONA 8658 ]
    66. Heteranassa mima [ MONA 8659 ]
        Similar species:
        1. H. fraterna. mina is larger and browner, However, mima turn out to be the same species as H. fraterna (Don Lafontaine).
    67. Heteranassa fraterna [ MONA 8661 ]
        H. fraterna and H. minor (MONA 8660) are probably the same species. (Don Lafontaine)
    68. Toxonprucha paradalia (Smith, 1908) [ MONA 8670 ]
        Type location: Santa Catalina Mts.
    69. Toxonprucha stigalis [ MONA 8671 ]
    70. Toxonprucha volucris [ MONA 8672 ]
    71. Toxonprucha repentis [ MONA 8673 ]
    72. Toxonprucha crudelis [ MONA 8674 ]
    73. Toxonprucha clientis [ MONA 8675 ]
    74. Zaleops umbrina [ MONA 8677 ]
    75. Zaleops paresa (Smith 1906) [ MONA 8678 ]
        Type location: Redington (Santa Catalina Mts.)
    76. Matigramma rubrosuffusa [ MONA 8680 ]
        Similar species:
          There are four Matigramma's in AZ after Franclemonts revision of the genus (Jour. Kansas Ent. Soc. 59(1): 143-172.). They are all best identified by good differences in the genitalia but I have sorted out 4 drawers of the genus and color trends are apparent and allow most things to be names -WITH PRACTISE! Two species are basically gray-brown, reptina, with more crisply marked lines is only in SE AZ and is very rare; and inopinata (blackish gray, SE AZ to W TX) is the common one. Two species are reddish brown, rubrosuffusa is common only in eastern (White Mountains) and central (Prescott area, Flagstaff) AZ (very rare in SE AZ) and the similar emmilta is common from SE AZ to West TX (Don Lafontaine).
        Foodplants:
        1. Scrub Oak Quercus (Poole Catalogue)
        2. Acacia constricta (Ken Kingsley, pers com.)
    77. Matigramma adoceta Franclemont (1986)
    78. Matigramma reptina Franclemont (1986)
    79. Matigramma emmilta Franclemont (1986)
        Foodplants:
        1. Rabbitbush (Chrysothamnus) (source: Franclemont, 1986)
    80. (*s) Matigramma inopinata Franclemont (1986)
    81. Acritogramma noctar (Schaus) [ MONA 8682.1]
        Source: Franclemont (1986) reports a capture in Tucson on 17-18 July 1957. in LACM
    82. Zale fictilis [ MONA 8687 ]
    83. Zale sabena [ MONA 8688 ]
        Chris Schimdt record (2010) fom the SWRS in the Chirichahua Mts.
    84. ! Zale lunata [ MONA 8689 ]
    85. Zale galbinata [ MONA 8692 ]
    86. Zale edusina [ MONA 8693 ]
    87. ! Zale insuda [ MONA 8696 ]
    88. ! Zale rubiata [ MONA 8710 ]
    89. Zale termina [ MONA 8712 ]
    90. ! Zale colorado [ MONA 8715 ]
    91. ! Euparthenos nubilis apache [ MONA 8719a ]
    92. Focillidia texana [ MONA 8730 ]
    93. Caenurgina erechtea [ MONA 8739 ]
    94. Callistege intercalaris [ MONA 8740 ]
    95. Callistege diagonalis [ MONA 8741 ]
    96. Callistege triangula [ MONA 8742 ]
        Type location: Redington (Santa Catalina Mts.)
    97. Mocis latipes (Gn., 1852) [ MONA 8743 ]
    98. Mocis disseverans [ MONA 8746 ]
    99. Celiptera valina [ MONA 8748 ]
    100. Ptichodis ovalis [ MONA 8753 ]
    101. Ptichodis bucetum [ MONA 8754 ]
    102. Argyrostrotis flavistraria [ MONA 8759 ]
    103. !! Catocala piatrix dionyza [ MONA 8771a ]
        Foodplants
        1. Juglans (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    104. !! Catocala noegama euphemia [ MONA 8798 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Juglans (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    105. ! Catocala aholibah [ MONA 8800 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    106. Catocala ilia zoe [ MONA 8801a ]
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
        2. Pima
        3. Pinal
        4. Santa Cruz
    107. Catocala hermia [ MONA 8812 ]
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
        2. Graham
        3. Santa Cruz
    108. !! Catocala grotiana [ MONA 8818 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Populus/Salix (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    109. ! Catocala jessicia [ MONA 8825 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Populus/Salix (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    110. ! Catocala junctura [ MONA 8829 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Populus/Salix (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    111. Catocala electilis [ MONA 8831 ]
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
        2. Santa Cruz
    112. ! Catocala amatrix [ MONA 8834 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Populus/Salix (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    113. ! Catocala desdemona [ MONA 8835a ]
        Taxonomy: C. benhamini is a full species, not a subspecies of C. delilah as listed in MONA (Dave Hawks, per com.)
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    114. Catocala frederici [ MONA 8837 ]
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
    115. ! Catocala chelidonia [ MONA 8838 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    116. Catocala undescribed species (caesia) [ MONA 88xx]
    117. Catocala benjamini [ MONA 8849a ]
        Taxonomy: C. benhamini is a full species, not a subspecies of C. andromache as listed in MONA (Dave Hawks, per com.)
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
        2. Graham
        3. Pima
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    118. ! Catocala verrilliana [ MONA 8852 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    119. ! Catocala violenta [ MONA 8853 ]
        Foodplants
        1. Quercus (L. Gall, pers. comm 2001)
    120. Catocala ophelia [ MONA 8854 ]
        Counties: (Source: Larry Gall , pers. comm 2001)
        1. Cochise
    121. Catocala californiensis [ MONA 8862 ]


    Bruce Walsh. jbwalsh@u.arizona.edu . Comments, correction and additions most welcome. To get to my home page .